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How much does land reclamation cost in Japan

13 Land Prices and House Prices in Japan Table 1.1 Share of Land Cost in Housing Cost for Model Cases Land Price Land Construction Total per Square cost cost cost Ratio Meter (a) (b) (C) (dc) Tokyo Minato 580 138,371 2,047 140.41 8 0.985 Suginami 106 25,289 2,047 27,336 0.925 Machida 39 9,304 2,047 11,351 0.82 Slated for completion in 15 years, the STP2 development is expected to have an eventual value of $4.4bn Published by L. Kettenhofen, Apr 1, 2021 In 2021, the average official land price in Tokyo Prefecture was highest among all prefectures in Japan, amounting to over 1.13 million Japanese yen per.. Land prices rise in 10 prefectures, but overall trend is down. Land prices in Japan rose in 10 prefectures over the year to Jan. 1, the National Tax Agency said in an annual report released Wednesday

In 2020, the average land price in Tokyo stood at about 1.12 million Japanese yen per square meter, up from approximately 1.07 million yen in the previous year The Tokyo Bay area was constantly remodeled through land reclamation since the Edo Period, first by drainage of swamps (one such site is the today's Shiodome Sio-Site, in the middle of my photo), later with artificial islands (like today's Odaiba). Through land reclamation projects Japan added to its area an impressive total of 249 square. Japan has house price statistics, particularly monthly average condominium prices in Tokyo, published by the Land Institute of Japan. Land price statistics are available from the Japan Real Estate Institute (JREI), as well as rent index. For a summary of Japan's economic and real estate trends, see monthly JREI reports Its major land reclamation projects have so far added about 23 percent to its total land area. 5. Japan (110 square miles) Japan has reclaimed about 96 square miles from Tokyo Bay, which now serves as land that is home to its largest industrial park. From this new land, it built up the Odaiba island Land reclamation has played a significant role in the urban development process in the coastal areas of many maritime countries. Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan reclaimed their coastal area to solve their problem of land-shortage; the land is limited while the number of population increase

Cities from the sea: the true cost of reclaimed land

  1. The Reclamation Cost Guide includes over 200 pages of easy-to-find, indexed information to make your cost studies faster, easier and more credible. This service conforms to the USDI-Bureau of Land Management and USDA-Forest Service requirements for estimating costs for reclamation bonds, as well as for other regions in the U.S. and Canada
  2. g the upper figure of 2,400 hectares or 24 million square metres Construction Post has calculated that the potential cost of reclamation for artificial islands using the cap of HK$27,000 per square metres would be about HK$648 billion for the land alone
  3. g 10 acres of disturbance: $8,900 (first acre) + (9 (additional acres) x $4,900) = $53,000.00 Total FA required with escalation over 5 years; $53,000 x (1+ 2.5%)5 = $59,964.63
  4. How much does a massage cost in Japan? It depends on two factors: the type of massage you're getting and the length of time. Below is a list of typical massages you can find. Type : Name in Japanese: Ave. Price per 60 Mins: Hogushi: hogush
  5. I came across this article recently, and I kind of liked it so decided to do a Japanese version. So without further ado, here are my 10 scariest things about owning property in Japan: 1. Loss of equity. This is the big one. It's the main reason why people outside of Japan cannot understand the situation here, and people in Japan can't understand the real estate situation elsewhere
  6. The land reclamation project used a system of dikes and drainage canals, making Flevoland, at 970 square kilometres, the largest man-made island in the world. In Rotterdam, another large-scale land reclamation project was undertaken in 2008 to triple the capacity of the city's busy port

Land reclamation in the Netherlands has a long history. As early as in the 14th century, the first reclaimed land had been settled. Much of the modern land reclamation has been done as a part of the Zuiderzee Works since 1918.. As of 2017, roughly 17% of the total land area of the Netherlands is land reclaimed from either sea or lakes. According to a 2007 study by Calvin College Michigan (USA. The amount varies depending on the purchase price, but there is a reduction in the event of a private sale of a pre-owned residence between 10-50 million JPY (among other conditions) to 10,000JPY

In 2014, Tokyo's waste totaled 2.7 million tons, down from a record high of 4.9 million in 1989 during the height of the country's asset-inflated bubble economy. Of that 2014 total, about one. reclamation costs. The layout does not represent anyone mine in North Dakota; rather it represents typical mine conditions encountered in the state and serves as a basis for estimating reclamation costs under the 1977 state law and the additional costs under the federal law. All cost Land reclamation in Japan. The idea of constructing such a large island in a deep bay (the water in the bay is 18 meters deep, with 30 meters of soft clay base beneath) may seem extreme. But there is an extensive history of land reclamation in Japan, where land is scarce (and expensive) in many locations Reclaimed land usually costs between $310,000 and $670,000 per hectare. If you compare this cost to the average cost of purchasing land (especially for commercial/residential purposes) in a big city, it's in some locations at least 10 times more expensive to buy land, than to reclaim Conventional Landlines. Conventional telephone lines must be bought or rented. A new phone line costs around 35,000 yen, while it is possible to buy second hand phone lines for much less. Rented phone lines may not allow you to make international calls. Telephone lines are handled by NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone)

Japan: average official land price by major prefecture

land prices - The Japan Time

Much of the land was originally reclaimed for agricultural purposes, but has since been heavily urbanized. The blog post I found the image at is, appropriately, titled Eat your heart out, Dubai To roughly calculate the average monthly cost of living, we take 40 percent of that, ¥138,000, which roughly equates to expected average tax payments from October, add the average Japanese rent of ¥55,533 and daily expenses of ¥91,560. That's a total of ¥285,093 as the average monthly cost of living in Japan In post-war Japan, land reclamation has been carried out nationwide with relative ease. The reason given is that Japan's land mass is insufficient for constructing needed farmland, factories, event halls, airfields, and other such facilities; or that there is a need to reinforce the relationship between such facilities and the ocean

This is to cover the cost of future reclamation. The escalation rate is based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), averaged over the last 20 years. In 2013 the 20 year average for the CPI is 2.5%. An example of an exploration scenario and resulting financial assurance amount follows the land, while population growth increases the need for land to provide food, livelihoods, and housing. According to Dr. Sama Monde, Minister for Agriculture and Food Security, cultivable land, especially lowlands, is in short supply. Agricultural land is also scarce around the living areas, and people often walk as far as two to four miles t Search for real estate in Japan and find real estate listings in Japan. Land For Sale in Japan | CENTURY 21 Global. Get details of properties and view photos. Connect to real estate Agents in Japan on CENTURY 21 Global Post-construction: The land restoration process. What happens after a project is placed into service? After construction of energy infrastructure—including a new pipeline, or maintenance on an existing pipeline—the process of returning property to its former and agreed-upon condition begins

A government review in 1996 stated that land reclamation would result in the large displacement of the marine sediments and the development of mud-waves beneath the reclamation fill The cost of land reclamation Filling up to 25 meters above sea level is more cost-efficient per cubic meter of waste dumped than those involving a fill of five meters above sea level. This is because the filling depths between 5 and 25 meters involve little or no extra expenditure on protective structures

Japan: average land price Tokyo 2020 Statist

Unlike many other countries, Japan does not have a university culture that equates cost with quality. In other words, more expensive schools are not necessarily better schools. Private universities decide how much they charge for tuition and fees, while public universities may not charge tuition and fees more than the upper limit set by the. Land reclamation using clay slurry or in deep water: challenges and solutions a slight reduction in the unit cost can New Kitakyushu Airport in Japan (Terashi and Katagiri, 2005). In this. Land in Japan is relatively scarce near major city centers, so it tends to be very expensive to buy in cities such as Tokyo and Osaka. Outside of the metropolitan areas however, you may find that construction costs are much more of your total cost than the price of the land Two nights per city - Japan in 7 days (Family Holiday) Packages. 7 Days/6 Nights. Rs 230791. A Short Break in Japan - Swift Like a Ninja! (Land Only) Packages. 6 Days/5 Nights. Rs 106142. Japan along the Golden and Alpine Route Packages. 9 Days/8 Nights 3% + 60,000 Yen + Consumption tax. If you are using the services of a real estate agent when buying or selling real estate in Japan, you will be required to pay them a brokerage fee or commission of 3% of the base price + 60,000 Yen + consumption tax (currently 10%). The base price is the consumption tax-free price of the property and will be.

Singapore and Macau, two cities that share much in common with Hong Kong, have been even more aggressive in reclaiming land from the sea: Singapore's land area has expanded by 24 per cent. Wetlands cover approximately 50,000 hectares (0.13 per cent of Japan's land area), but many of these are threatened by water pollution and land reclamation projects (OECD 2002: 149; Nature Conservation Society of Japan (NACSJ) 2003). Most major rivers have been modified with dams, dykes, concrete embankments, and straightening works surface coal mining and reclamation in Federal programs and on Indian lands where OSMRE is the regulatory authority, and encourages States to further pursue cost-recovery options. The OSMRE expects to recover $40,000 in permitting fees in 2019. Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation - Under Title IV of SMCRA, effective State, tribal, and Federal aban Reclamation Bonds. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) provides that, as a prerequisite for obtaining a coal mining permit, an applicant must post a reclamation bond to ensure that the regulatory authority has sufficient funds to reclaim the site in the case the permittee fails to complete the approved reclamation plan Land reclamation of Palm Jumeirah map was accurately completed using satellite coordinates Palm Jumeirah History Facts. The development operations of Palm Jumeirah kick-started in 2001 and it took six years to complete the project. Local real estate company, Nakheel was the developer of Palm Jumeirah

Land reclamation in the UAE. Land reclamation refers to the process of creating or restoring new land from waterlogged areas, lakebeds or oceans. The new land, also known as landfills, makes the land more useful for activities such as farming, forestry, port expansion, beach replenishment or construction of commercial complexes The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value Map created by reddit user Theman77777. The map comparison above shows what the land area of what makes up the Netherlands today, looked like in 1300 compared to what it looked like in 2000. Around 17% of the country's current land area has been reclaimed from the sea or lakes. You can see a gif of this process below A 10-minute walk from the museum is Boat Quay, the site of the island's very first land reclamation. In 1822, having just colonized Singapore, the British dismantled a hill and packed the.

After several postponements due to Covid-19, Universal Studios Japan's brand-new area Super Nintendo World has finally opened on March 18. In order to enter the Osaka theme park's new. The cost of land in Liberia varies as It is more expensive in the capital then in the interior. Land price in Monrovia can range from $10,000 USD to $1,000,000 USD per Acre Base on the location of the Land. Land price in the interior can range from $400 USD to $16,000 USD per Acre The actual shipping of a car to Japan is possible and can be pretty cost effective, especially depending on the value of your car. If you happen to live on the west coast of the US, the cost to ship should be around $2000 USD. Additionally, when shipping from elsewhere in the US, the cost shouldn't rise above $3000, and shipping from Europe.

Land reclamation in Tokyo Bay - Muza-chan's Gate to Japa

For traveling around the country, buy the Japan Rail Pass as it will provide easy access to Kyoto from Tokyo and vice versa. On top of that, you get to ride the Shinkansen (Japan's bullet train) that is an exceptional experience in its own right. The Rail Pass cost is roughly $290 for 7 days, $460 for 14 days, and $590 for 21 days The decision to transfer land use from agricultural production to solar panel electrical production (solar farms) should be made by careful examination of immediate and long-term potential risks and benefits. Currently, the transition seems a logical and profitable venture since payments made by contractors are much greater than revenue received from farmland rental Published by L. Granwal , Apr 8, 2021. In 2020, one square meter of greenfield land cost an average of 1,285 Australian dollars in Sydney. Sydney has one of the highest land price rates for. Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Program. The Abandoned Mine Land (AML) Reclamation Program uses fees paid by present-day coal mining companies to reclaim coal mines abandoned before 1977. This makes these areas safer for people and the environment. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977, as amended, created this program Protective Dikes and Land Reclamation, The Netherlands (19) Protective Dikes and Land Reclamation: The Netherlands (4) SEMATECH: United States (1) Shinkansen - National High-Speed Railways: Japan (19) Solomon's Temple: Israel (7) The Alaska Highway: United States and Canada (11) The Aqueducts of Rome: Italy (38

Mined land reclamation is an environmental success story in New York. Before and After Photos. Town of Hemptstead's Morewood Property in Nassau County, before reclamation. Morewood Property after reclamation, now a golf course. 2002 NYS Reclamation award winner. Calvin L. Rasweiler Farm Mine in Columbia County, before reclamation A new Pentagon report says China has reclaimed more than 3,200 acres of land in the south-eastern South China Sea.But the country's focus has shifted to developing and weaponizing those man-made. If so, the cost will be higher because you have to buy land, build the structure and pay any fees for development. An estimate to build your own 2,000 square foot laundromat is $200,000 to $500,000. There are also city utilities and sewer lines you will have to pay to install, which can range from $200 to $8,000 per washer How much does land cost in Vietnam? Land prices have increased massively in the past years, especially in the central areas of Ho Chi Minh City. According to the evaluation company Gachvang the square meter price is at least USD 30,000 in the area around Ben Thanh market. With that said, foreigners cannot buy land in Vietnam Sea sand is mostly used for land reclamation, while river sand is a core component in constructions materials like cement. Singapore imported 59 million tonnes of sand from Malaysia in 2018.

JetBlue offers flights to 90+ destinations with free inflight entertainment, free brand-name snacks and drinks, lots of legroom and award-winning service 1-day regular ticket: $159, $165. 1-day peak ticket: $168, $174. 2-day ticket: $232, $244. On the other hand, a 3-5 day hopper ticket would cost $303-335 for children ages 3-9 and $305-346 for visitors ages 10+. There are also 1-park tickets that would allow you to enter one of the two Disneyland parks for a whole day Parking Lot Striping. $4.00 to $5.00 per 18-foot stripe (4-inch white stripe) $0.20 to $0.50 per linear foot (4-inch white stripe) $15.00 to $25.00 per arrow. $225.00 to $300.00 minimum mobilization fee. $25.00 to $30.00 per handicap accessible parking spot. Reported by The cost question is similar to asking a Realtor how much does a house cost. The only real and honest answer for either question is it depends. There are hundreds of variables that determine the cost of restoring a lake. There are three questions that need to be answered to begin the process of getting a ballpark feasibility price LAND REFORM AND RECLAMATION IN JAPAN FIG. 2-Cultivated land operated by tenants, by prefectures, 1939. Source of data, Norinsho Tokeihyo [Statistical Yearbook of theMinistry of Agriculture and Forestry], Tokyo, 1939. lands abroad resulting from the projected conquest of East Asia would ease the agricultural situation at home

Price per Square Meter Japan Japanese Cost per Square Mete

According to U.S. documents from 2004, Japan pays more than 70 percent of the cost of hosting U.S. forces, as compared to between 30 and 40 percent in South Korea, Germany, and other nations. Rate schedule for international mails. The following table shows types of mail and rate schedule set by countries and regions. Check rates and delivery days. Letter-Post. Explain. Applies to postcards, letters, greeting cards, printed materials, small parcels and items for the blind. List of Items and Services

Countries With The Most Land Reclaimed From Seas

Mario Kart Tokyo - How much does it cost ? As described above, you have in total 2 tours available with different courses. For the Asakusa tour, here are the prices: 1-hour course: 72$. 2-hour course: 101$. For the Akihabara tour, here are the prices: 1-hour course: 42$. 2-hour course: 49$. 3-hour course: 77$ Visit Tokyo's signature theme park that attracts over 2 million visitors a year, Sanrio Puroland! Meet your favorite Sanrio characters and be immersed in the incredible KAWAII world of Hello Kitty Go on themed rides, watch shows in live theaters and cinemas, visit unique gift shops and more The indoor theme park is a world of fun for both kids and adults alike - in any weather

Reclamation Cost Guide - Costmin

The Bureau of Land Management, which owns land in the mining areas, has contributed $17 million to reclamation and water treatment as well. A trust fund set up by the legislature for future water. Athens Hocking Landfill Reclamation Center is located at 17970 State Route 33, Nelsonville, OH 45764. To contact Athens Hocking Landfill Reclamation Center, call (740) 385-6019, or view more information below. Looking for more locations in Nelsonville, OH? Scroll down to see a listing of waste locations and handlers towards the bottom of this page Land reclamation by irrigation is, however, not limited to desert regions. Much of the land irrigated in humid areas throughout the world is used for the production of paddy rice, although irrigation of vegetable crops, usually with overhead sprinkler systems, also is practised on a considerable acreage Acquisition means the procurement of land or an interest in land, which may include improvements or appurtenances, by Reclamation from a non-Federal entity by purchase, donation, exchange, or condemnation. Acquisition does not include purchase or lease of real property by another Federal agency, such as the General Services Administration. B. AUSA The closing costs for a land sale can often be an unexpected surprise for land buyers. Especially because these costs account for 2 to 5 percent of the purchase price! However, buyers are not the only party that must pay fees at closing. Sellers also have fees that they must cover during land sales

Cost of reclamation for artificial islands needs to be

Japanese CarTrade.com receives lots of Land Rover Range Rover Coupe inquiries every day from many countries. You can find hundreds of Land Rover Range Rover Coupe ready stock for buy.Please check list of all Land Rover Range Rover Coupe Exporters in Japan or send your inquiry to get best offers Land Reclamation. Reclamation of land from the sea by infilling or draining requires a license from the State issued by the office of the Commissioner of State Lands. Any land reclaimed is State land and requires a lease. Applications for licenses for reclamation projects can be made in duplicate on the prescribed forms and submitted to the.

A regular JR pass that allows travel across the whole country costs 29,100 yen. This is incredibly reasonable. If you take a train from Tokyo to Kyoto, throw in a day trip to Nara and you've started saving money. Our plan was as follows: 3 days - Hiroshima and Miyajima. 2 days - Osaka. 1 day - Himeji How much does it cost to buy a house in Tokyo? Buying a house in Tokyo Japan - In 2014, the average price of a second-hand house in Greater Tokyo was 29,580,000yen (about 247,120USD), and the average price per square meter was 434,100yen (3,636USD) per square meter Surface Mining and Reclamation. DEQ's Surface Mining and Reclamation group regulates the mining of coal and other mineral resources to ensure that the environment isn't harmed during mining. It also works to ensure that mined properties are returned to beneficial use after operations shut down. Staff, which includes geologists, engineers and. For technical assistance with the calculation of reclamation bond amounts, please contact one of the following OSMRE staff: Paul Behum at 618-463-6464, Ext. 122 (Mid-Continent Region) Karen Jass at 303-293-5037 (Western Region) Jim Elder at 865-545-4103, Ext. 140 (Knoxville Field Office) Related Posts. How Much Does a Surety Bond Cost

4 Bureau of Land Management (2007). Chapter 6 - Reclamation and Abandonment. In: Surface Operating Standards and Guidelines for Oil and Gas, Fourth Edition - Revised 2007. 5 Penn State Public Broadcasting - Explore Shale: How much land in Pennsylvania has been affected by Marcellus Shale drilling The Reclamation Cost Estimator is brand new for 2020 with an incredible new interface, powered by the same accurate and reliable Costmine data you know and trust. Learn More. Our job is to make yours easier . Reliable Equipment Cost Estimates Start Here

According to the figures above, approximately 10,150 hectares of developed oilsands - about 11% of total disturbed land - was in some stage of the reclamation process. It is important to note that of the 142,000 km2 (or 14.2 million hectares of land underlain by the oilsands, only 4,800 km2, or 3% of the total land surface area could ever be. Nextiva International Calling Rates. Nextiva offers a wide range of pricing plans ranging from $21.95 to $65.95 per user, per month for five to 19 users with a 36-month prepaid agreement. All packages come with features like an automated attendant, SMS, and mobile apps for smartphones and tablets

Land reclamation is going on and is one of the major reason for our water crisis. If you are talking of reclamation in the sea, the western coast is not suitable for cheap reclamation, due to heavy waves. Waves are caused by energized water hittin.. Overall, land that is near major cities will usually cost a lot more than suburban and rural land. Similarly, land that is located along the coast is costly than land that is in the interior. For instance, it is unlikely that you will pay less than £1,000,000 for an acre of smallholding farm with a house on it near London Reclamation & Environmental Services; Reclamation & Environmental Services Superfund Designation in Butte. In 1983, the Butte Area was declared a Federal Superfund Site. The Superfund designation paved the way for remediation and restoration of the environment throughout western Montana damaged by a century of mining and smelting in Butte and. Land reclamation is the process of turning disturbed land into its former or other desired state. In Canada, land reclamation efforts are most often directed at land disturbed during natural resource development, including mining and oil and gas operations. Because this development often takes place in forested areas, re-establishing healthy. Therefore, Japan's rent prices reflect the high demand for accommodation and yet not a lot of space to fill it. Average Rent in Japan. The average rent in Japan varies by city, but the overall national average falls somewhere between 50 to 70,000 JPY (470-650 USD). Tokyo is the most expensive city in which to rent

A Guide to Getting a Massage in Japan Tokyo Past

Average Cremation Costs in 2021. To give you an idea of average cremation costs, here is a table (provided by parting.com) which shows the range of prices in different cities). As you can see, the typical cost of a basic cremation is between $800-$4000. Keep in mind this is for a direct cremation, but as you can see, it pays to get a few quotes How much is the cheapest flight to Japan? Prices were available within the past 7 days and starts at $46 for one-way flights and $92 for round trip, for the period specified. Prices and availability are subject to change. Additional terms apply

In Ohio, a 2009 OSMRE review found that 72% of the land reclaimed that year had a post-mining use of grazing or pasture, even though 77% of the land had previously been undeveloped. Satellite imagery (below) from Ohio's online mines mapping system revealed large grassy ridge tops standing out against the deciduous forests from which the mines. How Much Does the 2015 Toyota Land Cruiser Cost to Own? The Land Cruiser's five-year costs for gas, insurance, repairs, and maintenance are projected to be $31,600, or about $6,300 per year. That's better than average for a luxury large SUV. Is It Better to Buy a Used or New Land Cruiser? The 2019 Toyota Land Cruiser starts at around. Reclamation is providing $808,912 to five entities in California, Nebraska and Utah to develop a drought contingency plan or update an existing plan. These drought plans will help regions and communities plan for and build long-term resiliency to drought. Read More →. YouTube. Bureau of Reclamation. Subscribe. Bureau of Reclamation. Watch later Price: USD 9,990. View Details. RAV4 2020. Price: USD 25,295. View Details. Djibouti is a country of Africa where there is a huge demand of used cars. Thousands of cars import and sell in the used car market of Djibouti every month. Used cars are quite favorite choice around the world due to a couple of reasons A 150,000 horsepower waterwheel for a generating unit is unloaded at Grand Coulee Dam, June 25, 1947. Bureau of Reclamation . On May 12, 1938, Reclamation received the completed foundation from MWAK, and a new contract was issued to Consolidated Builders Inc. (CBI) of Oakland, Calif., whose job it was to complete the dam to its full height of 550 feet and build the Left Powerhouse

As with most things, it depends. * It depends on how much land you are talking about. * It depends on where the land is and how much it costs. * It depends on how stable the government is where the land is at. * It depends on what type of livestoc.. Why does it cost so much to move my household goods to Mexico? Can't I just get my gardener and his cousin to do it? I get a big kick out of this question, because it is exactly the same question I asked before I started Best Mexico Movers in 2018 How much does halibut cost? At a local fish market where the fish is caught daily, the price is going to range anywhere from $12 to as much as $21 per pound, depending on the season, the cut, the demand and geographical location. Online seafood retailers could be double the cost How much does MaxPass at Disneyland cost? MaxPass at Disneyland costs $20 per person per day. If you want to upgrade to Disney MaxPass, which allows you to reserve FASTPASS from the free Disneyland app (so you can ignore the in-park kiosks) and with slightly better restrictions than the paper-ticket system, you'll need to pay $20 per ticket per day

U-Pack. 1-800-Pack-Rat. PODS. CoolBox. Zippy Shell. SMARTBOX. Summary. Figuring out the logistics of getting a shipping container loaded, delivered, and offloaded at your home or building can be challenging. Most people don't have the equipment to transport a shipping container, so you'll probably have to pay someone to help you Outside of central Tokyo, housing costs are distinctly lower, especially in the suburbs, surrounding prefectures and in other regions and cities of Japan. The nationwide average monthly rent, not including utilities, for a one room apartment (20-40 square meters) is between 50,000 and 70,000 yen. Rent for similarly sized apartments in central. Land reclamation is one of the most difficult parts of a wind-power lease negotiation, Retherford says. Although the towers have significant metal salvage value, they require specialized cranes to dismantle. And the massive foundations are expensive to remove. Each turbine has 40 yards of concrete in the foundation