Home

World AIDS Day placards

Youths display placards during this year's World AIDS Day in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, Dec. 1, 2020. (Xinhua/Fred Mutune) This topic is so important because the global HIV response was already. The HIV.gov Timeline reflects the history of the domestic HIV/AIDS epidemic from the first reported cases in 1981 to the present—where advances in HIV prevention, care, and treatment offer hope for a long, healthy life to people who are living with, or at risk for, HIV and AIDS. Download and share this timeline (PDF 995 KB) Diseases & Conditions, Health Information. December 1 is World AIDS Day, a day to unite in the fight to end the HIV epidemic, support people living with HIV, and honor those who have lost their life. The theme for 2020 is Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact World AIDS Day is an opportunity to show solidarity with the millions of people living with HIV worldwide, you can show your support by wearing a red ribbon. AIDS Memorial Quilt co-founders Cleve Jones and Mike Smith stand with John B. Cunningham, National AIDS Memorial Executive Director, on World AIDS Day 2019

Interview: Don't forget HIV epidemic, UNAIDS chief urges

World AIDS Day was first observed in 1988. The day was originally conceived by the World Health Organization to raise awareness and support. This year marks the 31st World AIDS Day, with the 2019. An Indian college student poses alongside placards during an event at a local hospital to raise awareness about AIDS on the occasion of World Aids Day AFP PHOTO STR/AFP/Getty Images World Aids Day. World AIDS Day At Work. • Ask your employer to help establish December 1 as a day to address the issue of HIV/AIDS in your workplace. • Educate employees about the prevention of HIV/AIDS: display posters, flyers, brochures, invite guest speakers, provide information through employee newsletters, E-mail messages and Web pages On World AIDS Day, encouraging signs seen in fight against HIV. In what health officials call an encouraging sign, a new government report finds HIV is being diagnosed sooner after infection.

Social activists holds awareness placards and AIDS red ribbon logo as they walk in a carnival on WOrld AIDs Day in the eastern Indian state Odisha's capital city Bhubaneswar AIDS Day, celebrated on 1 st December, people all over the world join hands and unite to support for the people living with AIDS or HIV and remember those who had died from the disease. Many people wear a red ribbon - a symbol of awareness, support and unity to shower love, blessings, support and happiness to all people living with HIV or AIDS RIZWAN TABASSUM/AFP/Getty Images Pakistani activists from the People Health Movement carry placards to mark World AIDS Day in Karachi on December 1, 2012. More than 100,000 suffer from HIV/AIDS in. Shop World Aids Day Stickers from CafePress. Find great designs on durable stickers or create your own custom stickers to express yourself. You'll find the perfect stickers at CafePress. Free Returns High Quality Printing Fast Shippin

A Timeline of HIV and AIDS HIV

WORLD AIDS DAY MetroHealth HM

World AIDS Awareness Day. According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.2 million people living with HIV, including 2.5 million children. During 2007 some 2.5 million people became newly infected with the virus. The red ribbon is an international symbol of AIDS awareness that is worn by people all year round and particularly around World AIDS. World Aids Day Stay Positive Awarness Ribbons gift Hoodie. $51.05. 20% Off with code FOURTHJULY21. . World Aids Day Stay Positive Awarness Ribbons gift Sweatshirt. $37.95. 20% Off with code FOURTHJULY21. . World Aids Day Awarenss Ribbon with Heart Hoodie World AIDS Day 2020 World AIDS Day 2020 : History, Objectives, and Symptoms of AIDS . World AIDS Day is celebrated on December 1 every year to raise awareness about AIDS / HIV and to raise awareness globally. People from all over the world come together to show support for people living with HIV and to remember those who died of AIDS Dear Colleague, November 30, 2017. Tomorrow is World AIDS Day, a day to join partners across the world in the fight against HIV, support people living with HIV, and honor those who have lost their lives.This year's theme, Increasing Impact through Transparency, Accountability, and Partnerships, asks that we work together to accelerate progress toward ending HIV as a public health threat in.

World AIDS Day - The AIDS Memorial Quilt - Keep Britain Sewin

HIV disease can be managed by treatment regimens composed of a combination of three or more antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Current antiretroviral therapy (ART) does not cure HIV infection but highly suppresses viral replication within a person's body and allows an individual's immune system recovery to strengthen and regain the capacity to fight off opportunistic infections and some cancers The Village Candlelit Procession is an established and important element of the Manchester World AIDS day commemoration. To mark the 30th World AIDS day, the procession will feature 30 placards. Each placard will feature the words depicted on one of the plaques on the Beacon of Hope timeline 1988 - 2018

World Aids Day Photogallery. Activists from NGO, students and social activists carry placards during an Aids awareness rally on World Aids Day in New Delhi. (Photo/Sanjiv Rastogi) World Aids Day. Activists from non-governmental organisation (NGO), students and social activists carry placards during an Aids awareness rally on World Aids Day in New Delhi. (Photo/Sanjiv Rastogi) World Aids. World AIDS Day, designated on December 1 every year since 1988, is an international day dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection, and mourning those who have died of the disease.Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations, and individuals around the world observe the day, often with education on AIDS prevention and control

Find high quality printed World Aids Day Posters at CafePress. Shop posters in a variety of sizes and designs to find the perfect fit for your room. Free Returns 100% Money Back Guarantee Fast Shippin [On this World AIDS Day,] let us pray for all those living with and affected by HIV, confess our complicity in perpetuating stigma, and hope for a cure. Silence is kept. We remember before you, O God, the nearly 37 million people living with HIV across the world and the 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States

In the last few months; however, there positive signs of rebound in testing and treatment services. WHO hopes that some of the innovative approaches adopted during COVID-19 can help the world catch up and accelerate progress towards our new 2025 targets and the SDG goals of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 World AIDS Day has been observed on December 1 every year since 1988, with the purpose of honoring and remembering the millions who have been lost to the epidemic and to bring attention to HIV/AIDS and those currently living with it.. When it was created, World AIDS Day became the first-ever health day to be commemorated worldwide, providing an important opportunity for the global community to. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS was set up in 1996, which plans and promotes World AIDS Day. In 1997, it organized the World AIDS Campaign to focus on year-round communications, prevention and education. Further, in the year 2004, the World AIDS Campaign became an independent organization A man living with HIV sits inside the HIV/Aids Care Centre, a hospice in Yangon, Myanmar. World AIDS Day is marked worldwide annually on December 1st to raise awareness of those living with the virus

World AIDS Day is observed on December 1 by WHO to increase awareness about the HIV infection. So, here are 5 important things that you can do today to let people know about the prevention measures Activists sought on World Aids Day to keep the battle against HIV in the public eye in the face of growing complacency amid progress in treating and slowing the spread of the disease Activists sought Saturday to keep the battle against HIV in the public eye on World AIDS Day in the face of growing complacency amid progress in treating and slowing the spread of the disease

World AIDS Day: Facts About HIV and AIDS You Should Know

  1. As of 2015, nearly 50% of all people living with HIV/AIDS in the United States were over 50 years of age. By 2020 that will rise to 70%. It is a paradigm shift in the demographics of HIV. It is.
  2. Say their names: World AIDS Day 2019. No history yet. Every December 1, since 1988, countries around the globe have dedicated this day as World AIDS Day. We are all familiar with the red ribbon.
  3. Create your own unique greeting on a World Aids Day card from Zazzle. Choose from thousands of customizable templates or create your own from scratch
  4. First recognized in 1988, World AIDS Day is dedicated to spreading awareness of the AIDS pandemic, uniting in the fight against HIV infections and to mourning those who have died of the disease. On December 1, 2020, the University of Cincinnati will participate in World AIDS Day with a symposium that will highlight the past, present and future.
  5. g six short films from HIV-positive artists that explore cultural stigma the disease poses
  6. World AIDS Day takes place on 1 December each year. It's an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness. Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first ever global health day
  7. A member of National Association of People Living with HIV/Aids in Nepal holds placard during a function to mark World Aids Day in Kathmandu. The protesters are demanding clarification on how the.
India

An activist holds a placard in the shape of the red ribbon, the universal symbol of awareness and support for those living with HIV, during an awareness campaign ahead of World AIDS Day in Kolkata. the funds and other resources needed to stop AIDS. May we know your call to be leaders in this struggle and employ the courage, wisdom and resources you have given to respond to HIV and AIDS. Amen. A Litany for World AIDS Day 2007 was written by the Rev. Lori Tisher, Intern in the Health and Wholenes World AIDS Day is observed each year on December 1st. Established in 1988, the day provides an opportunity for the world to show unity in the fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic that causes millions of deaths each year. The day also serves as a time to remember those individuals who lost their lives to the disease

World Aids Day: 10 facts about the condition - Independen

AIDS Advocate Reflects On The Good — And Problematic — Parts Of World AIDS Day : Goats and Soda The U.N.-mandated event is both a blessing and a curse for AIDS activists like Twesigye Jackson. The 2021 World AIDS Day grants are to fund activities that support mental health and emotional wellbeing for women living with HIV and AIDS. The fund will prioritise activities that focus on women living with HIV and AIDS and living in hard to reach areas and difficult circumstances World AIDS Day, designated on 1 December every year since 1988, is an international day dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection and mourning those who have died of the disease. The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The HIV virus attacks the immune system. The challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic mean that the world is losing important ground in the fight to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030. On World A.. World AIDS Day: Dec. 1. Established by the World Health Organization in 1988, World AIDS Day (Dec. 1), is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV and raise awareness of the continuing epidemic around the globe. It is an occasion to reflect about the more than 25 million people who have died from HIV/AIDS over the.

World AIDS Day. The United Nations' (UN) World AIDS Day is held on December 1 each year to honor AIDS victims. It also focuses on issues surrounding HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS World AIDS Day, observed on December 1 each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. It brings together people from around the world to. World AIDS Day was established in 1988 — nearly 30 years ago. Since then, we've seen so many changes in how HIV and AIDS are treated, both in the medical sense and public perception. As you well know AIDS was first identified in the early 1980s right around, or maybe even before some of us entered into the healthcare field WORLD AIDS DAY, 2016 - - - - - - - BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION. Thirty-five years ago the first documented cases of AIDS brought about an era of uncertainty, fear, and discrimination. HIV/AIDS has taken tens of millions of lives -- and far too many people with HIV have struggled to get the care, treatment. This video provides information about the origin and the importance of the World AIDS Day, its impact and the need for all to join the campaign and fight aga..

World AIDS Day 2021, Posters, Resources & Informatio

  1. Find Hiv Test World Aids Day 1 stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day
  2. World AIDS Day is observed worldwide as a sign of compassion towards AIDS victims and to forge a sense of social tolerance. Ask your near and dear ones to foster this sense of compassion towards AIDS victims with these free ecards
  3. World AIDS Vaccine Day 2020: Though there are no signs at the initial stages, an infected person can experience flu-like symptoms such as like fever, joint pains, body ache and enlarged lymph.
  4. Baltimore World AIDS Day, Baltimore, MD. 365 likes · 1 talking about this. Celebrate, Remember, & Educate at the various Baltimore World AIDS Day events on December 1. Do Not forget to get your HIV..
  5. Every year on 1 December, the international community unites to observe World AIDS Day. This is a day to increase awareness and understanding of HIV, to galvanise the response to the epidemic and to remember those we have lost. At the time of the launch of the first World AIDS Day in 1988, a person living with HIV had a very short life expectancy
  6. World Aids Day is observed on December 1 every year to create awareness about the symptoms, causes and preventives of the pandemic disease HIV/AIDS that has taken unprecedented number of lives. Like every year, World AIDS Day 2017 was celebrated with a new theme Right to health' including a range of interactive activities, campaigns by distributing posters and events that are endorsed by.
  7. December 06, 2016. UNAIDS observes World AIDS Day on December 1 and the theme for this year is; Hands up for Prevention. It is an opportunity for every community to unite in the fight against HIV, show support for people living with HIV and remember those who have died. MCON firmly believes that the future generation has the ability to.

A man places a placard as he prepares a message during an HIV/AIDS awareness campaign on the eve of World AIDS Day in Kolkata, India [Rupak De Chowdhuri/R] By Vittoria Elliott 2 Dec 201 World AIDS Day 2020: Understanding The Complications Of HIV/AIDS. World AIDS Day 2020 tires to create awareness about this condition which can spread from an infected person to others. The theme for the World AIDS Day 2020 is 'Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact. hi, aids, hiv aids, world aids day, awareness, remember, remembrance day, memorial. Make Every Day World AIDS Day Long Sleeve T-Shirt. By technoqueer. $27.93. Tags: world aids day red ribbon hiv aids cancer world aids day red ribbon hiv positive people management of hiv aids, cancer World AIDS Day Commemoration; Back to Volume 20, Issue 1. World AIDS Day Commemoration. Report December 2019 Hosted by Synexus. (HVTN Principal Investigator) who gave a talk about the importance of not stigmatizing people living with HIV using the placard Hate the disease not the diseased. Dr. Kotze also touched on the role of HIV.

World AIDS Day: Encouraging signs seen in fight against

World AIDS Day is one of the 8 WHO Global Health Days. The day was created by the World Health Organization in 1988. Since its inception over two decades ago, the world has managed to halt and reverse the spread of HIV. According to the WHO, the occurrence of new cases has decreased 35% between 2000 and 2015, while AIDS-related deaths have. The first World AIDS Vaccine Day was observed in 1998 to commemorate the first anniversary of Clinton's speech. Every year communities around the world hold a variety of activities on this day to.

A Nepalese youth shows AIDS symbol Red Ribbon on celebrates of 29th World AIDS Day in Kathmandu, Nepal, Dec. 1, 2016. World AIDS Day is celebrated worldwide on December 1st of every year to raise. World AIDS Day Commemoration. It is my privilege, as the donor countries' representative, to join you as we commemorate World AIDS Day here in Dar es Salaam. We stand here together today to mourn the world's losses as a result of HIV and to celebrate its many brave heroes, who have fought in ways big and small against this disease, all with. World AIDS Vaccine Day: Know the significance. Vaccines are the most cost-effective and powerful tool to prevent deadly viral infections. It is important to have AIDS vaccine as around 37.9 million people were living with HIV globally in 2019, according to research journal Avert World AIDS Day was founded in 1988 as a way to increase awareness of the disease, as well as, to show support for those living with it. In its 30 th year, the theme for 2018 World AIDS Day is to.

World AIDS Day in Photos - Advocate

Today, December 1, is World AIDS Day. Writes the United Nations: 'The theme of this year's World AIDS Day is Communities make the difference. Rock the Ribbon this World AIDS Day. About our campaign this year. We are winning the fight against HIV, but people living with HIV still face unacceptable levels of discrimination and stigma. HIV diagnoses are falling in the UK, meaning the spread of the virus is slowing down World AIDS Day -. December 1, 2021. First recognized in 1988, World AIDS Day falls on December 1 each year. World AIDS Day is dedicated to spreading awareness of the AIDS pandemic spread by the spread of HIV infection, and to mourning those who have died of the disease. An estimated 40 million people worldwide have died of AIDS since 1981. World AIDS Day is December 1. World AIDS Day is an international global health day to raise awareness about the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, express solidarity with people worldwide who are living with HIV, commemorate those who have died from AIDS, and celebrate the progress made in HIV prevention and treatment

World AIDS Day 'Monomousumi

World AIDS Day. Dec 01, 2018. December 1st is World AIDS Day and if you only do one thing on this day, put on a red ribbon. Pin it to your jacket, your backpack or even your dog 's collar. You. The theme for World AIDS Day 2021 is undecided yet. The World AIDS Day 2020 theme was Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact. 2019 spoke of transition and phase by phase efforts with its theme Ending the HIV-AIDS epidemic - community by community. The year 2018 theme was Know your status. world aids day 2008 dr.t.v.rao m

Their hateful words fell on deaf ears. Their arrows landed upon no hearts. My World AIDS Day wish is to shake it off and dance with joy and peace for a better tomorrow towards a cure! Until next. No, Aids is not a mass murderer anymore, except in Africa, where is the real tragedy today. Just because rich countries don't give a shit. People who have access to the cocktail pills can have a almost normal life. Less than 500 people are killed by Aids in Germany per year, country where this campaign was created Nov. 30, 2019. Laboratory staff prepare reagents for HIV testing. World AIDS Day is a remembrance day—it reminds us that there are still challenges involved in decreasing HIV/AIDS across the globe. And it helps us to understand that those challenges are as unique as the locations where they exist and the people who experience them December 1, 20143:33 PM ET. Bridget Armstrong. It's World AIDS Day, and researchers, advocates and patients are taking measure of the effort to combat the spread of HIV. The Centers for Disease. Browse 14,474 world aids day stock photos and images available, or search for world aids day ribbon to find more great stock photos and pictures. University students display red ribbons during an event to promote the awareness of Aids at the Sichuan University on the World Aids Day today,..

Find World Aids Day 1 December Realistic stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day World AIDS Day. Administrator's Statement on World AIDS Day - 1 December 2020. Posted On November 30, 2020. UNDP has supported 140 countries in securing supplies to ensure continuity of health services & provided dedicated support for the continuity & adaptation of HIV services in 55 countries, including ensuring continued access to HIV services The U.S. trails behind, by contrast, at 86-74-83. Namibia's progress is especially impressive given that, with almost 12% of adults aged 15-49 living with HIV, it's still facing one of the. Sri Lankan prisoners hold placards as they take part in a gathering to mark World AIDS Day at a prison complex in Colombo on December 1, 2013. Some 1,808 HIV positive cases have reportedly been identified in the country between 1987 and the end of November 2013 Related Videos. Video Transcript. Transcript for World AIDS Day: History of the Epidemic. Frankly I don't moving on my -- just months ago was spreading so quickly. Doctors now say it's a national.

World AIDS Day 2012 - CBS New

  1. World AIDS Day 2018: Friday, Nov. 30, 11:00am-1:00pm. Every year since 1988 the world has come together on December 1st to raise awareness about the AIDS epidemic and serves as a day of remembrance to those who have lost their lives to AIDS. On Friday, November 30, 2018, at 11:00am, the Housing Works community will come together with our END.
  2. World AIDS Day on 1 December brings together people from around the world to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and demonstrate international solidarity in the face of the pandemic. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to spread awareness about the status of the pandemic and encourage progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment.
  3. World AIDS Day is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. AIDS has killed more than 25 million people between 1981 and 2007 and an estimated 33.2.
  4. ate mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In 2016 we helped increase the percentage of pregnant women.
  5. World AIDS Day 2020: Living And Thriving With HIV Meet Michael Ward, the host of the YouTube show Revolutionary Health, who focuses on Black gay men's health and wellness including HIV.

World Aids Day Stickers - CafePres

Special article collection to raise awareness for World AIDS Day 2020. 38 million people in the world were living with HIV at the end of 2019 — World Health Organization. Every year, on 1 December, the world commemorates World AIDS Day. In 2020, the world's attention has been focused by the COVID-19 pandemic on health and how. The Beats that Echo Within Our Pulse Eight artists (and one writer) reflect on World AIDS Day by Chael Needle. W hen I think of World AIDS Day, my mind turns to Day With(out) Art and the two co-exist like the way arteries and veins run in parallel. They both share the same day, December 1 World AIDS Day is celebrated on December 1 every year since 1988. It is dedicated to raise awareness, educate and improve the understanding of HIV as a global public health problem. It provides an opportunity to understand the interdependence between progress in ending Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and progress towards universal health coverage and the right to health Dec. 1, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. UTC. Share. Comment. Dec. 1, 2020 is the first World AIDS Day commemorated since the start of the coronavirus pandemic. As the country focuses on the rollout of covid-19.

Activist posters, picket signs, and ephemera from the height of the AIDS epidemic will be on exhibition in conjunction with World AIDS Day outdoors in West Hollywood via the ONE Archives' pop-up. Light the Fight, 2018 Text: Notes on Seroconversion by Ricardo Hernandez, © 2018 by the author, from The Offing, October 17, 2018.Used with permission of the.

World AIDS Day, annual observance aimed at raising awareness of the global epidemic of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and the spread of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).World AIDS Day occurs on December 1 and was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1988 to facilitate the exchange of information among national and local governments, international organizations. Follow the signs to the event. The text of our invitation follows: Please accept this invitation to our. World AIDS Awareness Event. on World AIDS Day, Thursday, December 1, 2005. at. The Jackson County Education Center. 1000 South Poplar Street, Seymour, Indiana. (formerly the old Jackson Elementary School †one block west of Gaiser Park

Report World Aids Day Observation – College of Nursing SRMWorld AIDS Day | News | Zee NewsSGC | World Aids Day and Human Rights Day CelebrationsWorld AIDS Day commemorated across the globeWorld Aids Day - Athlone NewsHIV In India: Infected Blood Transfusions Caused 2,234Residents gather to mark AIDS day | Loop Tonga

World AIDS Day 2020: Living And Thriving With HIV After testing positive for HIV in college, meet the Atlanta-based activist who became a champion for LGBTQ+ and HIV-specific legislative policies. World AIDS Day, held each year on December 1, is an opportunity to celebrate and support global efforts to prevent new HIV infections, increase HIV awareness and knowledge, and support those living with HIV. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 2020 theme for this observance day is Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and. President Trump in his final World AIDS Day proclamation Monday evening recognized untold suffering on millions of people both here at home and abroad as result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, but.

  • Mc ke kitne din baad pregnant hoti hai in Hindi.
  • Song in 6 Underground give up the fight.
  • E max crowns disadvantages.
  • Work hard Wallpaper.
  • Homemade skull bleaching.
  • Self introduction email sample first day work.
  • Wedding 50 guests Covid.
  • Bottle service jobs Las Vegas.
  • Zicatela restaurant saugerties menu.
  • Draculaura doll Walmart.
  • Icoconvert not working.
  • YouTube end screen template PSD.
  • Where to find fast cars in GTA 5 Online.
  • Pityriasis lichenoides chronica histology.
  • Johnnie Walker Blue Label price.
  • Good Morning Monday Free Download.
  • Silver Dressings Chemist Warehouse.
  • Oral minoxidil Thailand.
  • White ballroom dance Shoes.
  • Full head Highlights sectioning pattern.
  • Colleen Slemmer obituary.
  • Factors affecting labour.
  • 3 Musketeers candy bar.
  • EBay Excedrin Migraine.
  • Abbott and Costello Movie Collection.
  • How to set up Helium Hotspot.
  • Cactus Phoenix, Arizona.
  • Masechaba Moshoeshoe.
  • Princess and the Frog figurines.
  • Spring season in Bangladesh.
  • Host pathogen interaction studies.
  • Caravan Parks Port Augusta, SA.
  • Common problems with Chevy 454.
  • Youth Center architecture thesis pdf.
  • Where to sell military uniforms near me.
  • LCS 2021.
  • Biggest mall near me.
  • Biloxi to Tallahassee.
  • Works for crossword.
  • Hidden.ny owner.
  • Double insulation symbol meaning.