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Feature extraction of MRI images

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Feature Extraction of MRI Brain Images for the Early

Feature Extraction and Feature Selection Methods in

5. Feature Extraction. By now you may be longing for the fulfillment of the commitment made at the start, extracting a bunch of features from every image inside the folder and saving those into a data frame. Well, everyone, the time has finally come to unveil that functionality that adds the most value to this package Method #2 for Feature Extraction from Image Data: Mean Pixel Value of Channels; Method #3 for Feature Extraction from Image Data: Extracting Edges . How do Machines Store Images? Let's start with the basics. It's important to understand how we can read and store images on our machines before we look at anything else Feature Extraction and Analysis of MRI Images for Breast Cancer. I. UGC Approved. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER. Feature Extraction and Analysis of MRI Images for Breast Cancer. Download

  1. features extraction from medical image. really, I start my research in medical image. The code for automatically extracting any kind of features from any kind of medical image is the kind of project that you start as the topic of your PhD thesis, and then develop over the next 30 years. Sign in to comment
  2. Those cystic (fluid filled) appear dark in T-W MRI which was difficult to detect as tumor in this algorithm. Image feature extraction from brain MRI using the Graphic User Interface (GUI) is detecting the tumor and its geometrical feature extraction
  3. Segmentation is carried out by K-means clustering algorithms. Feature extraction is an, approximate reasoning method to recognize the tumour shape and position in MRI image using edge detection method. In the existing method many algorithms were developed for segmentation. But they are not good for all types of the MRI images.[1][3][7][8]. III
  4. It can be seen from Fig. 10 that the tumor position is basically the same as the preset condition, which indicates the applicability of the confocal algorithm in the three-dimensional MRI model, and also indicates that the model is correctly established.In conclusion, the 2D image obtained from 2D extraction feature is transformed to achieve 3D.
  5. You can perform feature extraction by passing your 3D volumes through a pre-trained 3D convolutional neural network. Because pre-trained 3D CNNs are hard to find, you could consider training your own on a similar, but distinct, dataset. Here is a link for code for a 3D CNN in Lasagne. The authors use 3D CNN versions of VGG and Resnet
  6. Feature extraction is a method of capturing visual content of an image. The feature extraction is the process to represent raw image in its reduced form to facilitate decision making such as pattern classification. The objective of this paper is to present a novel method of feature selection and extraction. This approach combines the Intensity, Texture, shape based features and classifies the.
  7. Feature Extraction from Brain MRI Images. About. This is the implementation of a feature extractor from images especially Brain MRI Images . The main intention is to identify Brain Tumor, give it's properties like tumor area, tumor height and width. We extract the basic features of an image after thresholding like - Area, Perimeter, Convex Area.

of image classification. In this paper, various approaches of MRI brain image feature extraction are discussed in section II and current algorithms used for brain image n are reviewed in section segmentatio g III. Concludin remarks are given in section IV. weighted MRI images from the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of human head scans. The MRI images are pre-processed by transformation techniques and thus enhance the tumor region. Then the images are checked for abnormality using fuzzy symmetric measure (FSM). If abnormal, then Otsus thresh-holding is used to extract the tumor region Brain tumor analysis research methods commonly comprise of several parts, which use different algorithms in a sequence or a pipeline. Automated detection of a brain tumor in MR images involves pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction, classification, performance evaluation, interpretation and formulation of a diagnosis MRI Brain Image Classification using GLCM Feature Extraction and Probabilistic Neural Networks Priyanka Udayabhanu1,Anjaly Viswan2,Seema Padmarajan3 231(Electronics and Communication Engineering ,SNGCE Kadayiruppu, Kerala,India) Abstract: The project proposes an automatic support system for stage classification using artificial neura

Feature extraction involves simplifying the amount of 2) Enhancement: There are different enhancement methods in preprocessing, but in this work contrast enhancement is used. Contrast enhancement makes the object in the filtered image to looks much brighter than the object which is in the filtered image. feature extraction [3] The segmentation, detection, and extraction of infected tumor area from magnetic resonance (MR) images are a primary concern but a tedious and time taking task performed by radiologists or clinical experts, and their accuracy depends on their experience only Dixon and Ding 17 reported 7 fold speedup for GLCM construction and 9.83 fold speedup for feature extraction on diffraction images. We first show the features obtained from the MRI images.

The methods used to extract features from MRI images are, 1) Independent Component Analysis 2) Fourier Transform 3) Wavelet Transform. Fourier transform is used for frequency analysis of an image and wavelet transform is used for time, space and frequency analysis. The type of features that can be extracted from an image are listed in table 1 and table 2 In this paper feature include a sufficient set of features to achieve high extraction from brain MRI pictures were recognition rates under complex conditions. This administrated by grey scale, symmetrical and lead to a variety of techniques within the image texture feature Preprocessing, Segmentation, feature extraction and detection of tumor from MRI scanned brain images. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive imaging modalities which is best suited for the detection of brain tumor. The method proposed in this paper is fuzzy c-means (FCM) Segmentation which can improve medical image segmentation.. The brain MR image classification becomes one of the major subjects in medical imaging. A few schemes of feature extraction and some classifiers are exploited in this article. In light of this, a hybrid technique for MR brain image classification was proposed, which exploits the benefits of 2D-DWT with the BoW for feature extraction based on SURF MRI is a kind of biological magnetic spin imaging technology. Making full use of MRI images is of great significance for improving the accuracy of medical image diagnosis process for the diagnosis of diseases. In the diagnosis of cerebral hemorrhage, the location and size of the hemorrhage area are meaningful indicators for diagnosing the severity of cerebral hemorrhage

DRIVE: Digital Retinal Images for Vessel Extraction 4. Ultrasound Nerve Segmentation from kaggle Data set 5. Brain MRI from pixabay 6. Brain MRI from pixabay 7. Natural Image from pixabay. Please note, this post is for me to review some of the fundamental concepts in computer vision 5. Feature Extraction 6. Classification 2.1 Image Acquisition Acquisition of the image is the first step of image processing. The MRI images having low contrast and small volume nodules. Brain MRI images can be acquired from publicly available databases. The MRI images can be collected from the radiologist The first experiment was carried out on the features extracted from MRI images using VBM. A feature pool of size 10,000 (see Figure 3a) reached a maximal overall accuracy around 64.04 ± 0.81% (MLP, SEN = 60.00%, SPE = 68.08%). The use of shorter feature vectors revealed better outcomes compared to the use of the longest one for training the. Feature extraction is a part of the dimensionality reduction process, in which, an initial set of the raw data is divided and reduced to more manageable groups. So when you want to process it will be easier. The most important characteristic of these large data sets is that they have a large number of variables 4. Curvelet Based Feature Extraction Through HTF: In this section, image retrieval using curvelet transform for feature extraction is described. Curvelet based feature extraction takes the MRI cancer images as input. The images are then decomposed into subbands in different scales and orientations

images with 200 mm of the field of view, 1 mm of inter-slice spacing and 0.78 mm of voxel with 0.78 mm and 0.5 mm of diameter. In this proposed methodology used 512x512 MRI images. 2.2 Image preprocessing The MRI image has low contrast and contained some unwanted artifacts. To remove the unwanted artifacts, th Given a dataset of N images, we can repeat the process of feature extraction for all images in the dataset, leaving us with a total of N x 21,055-dim feature vectors. Given these features, we can train a standard machine learning model (such as Logistic Regression or Linear SVM) on these features

Finally based on segmented results, the features are extracted and selected for empowering classification capacity and detection accuracy. Application: Experiments are conducted on more than 200 brain MRI/CT image datasets and promising results were reported. Keywords: Brain Abnormalities, Brain Image Progression, Feature Extraction, Feature. classification. The obtained brain magnetic resonance image, the feature extraction was done by wavelet remodel and its entropy worth was calculated and spider net plot space calculation was done. With the assistance of entropy worth classification of probabilistic neural network was calculated Considerable effects of imaging sequences, feature extraction, feature selection, and classifiers on radiomics-based prediction of microvascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma using magnetic resonance imaging. Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021;11(5):1836-1853. doi: 10.21037/qims-20-21 To evaluate robustness and repeatability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) texture features in water and tissue phantom test-retest study. Separate water and tissue phantoms were imaged twice with the same protocol in a test-retest experiment using a 1.5-T scanner. Protocols were acquired to favour signal-to-noise ratio and resolution. Forty-six features including first order statistics and.

MRI-based radiomics of rectal cancer: preoperative

This paper presents development and application of a feature extraction method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), without explicit calculation of tissue parameters. A three-dimensional (3-D) feature space representation of the data is generated in which normal tissues are clustered around prespecified target positions and abnormalities are. Feature extraction Mean, contrast, entropy, and energy Morphological operation Area extraction & decision making Classification using MR image SVM dataset Normal tissue Abnormal tissue Pre processing Figure1:Stepsusedinproposedalgorithm. Input image Convert image to grayscale Convert image to binary image by thresholding Find the number of.

A multi-sequence and habitat-based MRI radiomics signature

images 2 class in normal image and abnormal images (example 300 images). Step 2: Pre-processing brain tumor image is increasing brightness and contrast adjustments. The process of extracting higher-level information from an image, such as shape, texture, color, and contrast, is known as feature extraction This paper presents a novel method for Glioblastoma (GBM) feature extraction based on Gaussian mixture model (GMM) features using MRI. We addressed the task of the new features to identify GBM using T1 and T2 weighted images (T1-WI, T2-WI) and Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) MR images. A pathologic area was detected using multithresholding segmentation with morphological operations. parameters are applied to the Stacked Auto Encoder based (SAE) to classify the breast MRI image as a Malignant or Benign. The performance of the proposed hybrid LOOP Haralick feature extraction shows significant accuracy improvement of 3.83% when compared to the Haralick feature extraction technique Volume Identification and Estimation of MRI Brain Tumor • This article deals with two dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence of brain slices which include many objects to identify and estimate the volume of the brain tumors. 28 (NN) classifier, in conjunction with statistical-based feature extraction technique

Feature Extraction and Research Based on MRI Image of

  1. @MISC{Selvaraj_areview, author = {D. Selvaraj}, title = {A Review on Tissue Segmentation and Feature Extraction of MRI Brain images}, year = {}} Share. OpenURL . Abstract. Abstract—Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important diagnostic imaging technique for the early detection of brain cancer. Brain cancer is one of the most dangerous.
  2. Gabor Feature Extraction. This program generates a custom Gabor filter bank; and extracts the image features using them. The first function named gaborFilterBank.m generates a custom-sized Gabor filter bank. It creates a u by v cell array, whose elements are m by n matrices; each matrix being a 2-D Gabor filter
  3. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is a technique used to analyze and diagnose the problem defined by images like cancer or tumor in a brain. Physicians require good contrast images for better treatment purpose as it contains maximum information of the disease. MRI images are low contrast images which make diagnoses difficult; hence better localization of image pixels is required. Histogram.
  4. Autoencoder Feature Extraction for Classification. Autoencoder is a type of neural network that can be used to learn a compressed representation of raw data. An autoencoder is composed of an encoder and a decoder sub-models. The encoder compresses the input and the decoder attempts to recreate the input from the compressed version provided by.
  5. Radiomics relies on the extraction of a wide variety of quantitative image-based features to provide decision support. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contributes to the personalization of.
  6. Abstract—Feature extraction is an important step in Computer Assisted Diagnosis of brain abnormalities using Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI).Feature Extraction is the process of reducing the size of image data by obtaining necessary information from the segmented image. The visual content of a segmented image can be captured using this process

feature extraction for MRI image - MATLAB Answers - MATLAB

segmentation images feature extraction 7 features from GLCM. MRI images of 256×256, 512 × 512-pixel size on dataset. dataset collected from Web sites www.diacom.com. The accuracy of training 100% dataset because the statistical textural features were extracted from LL and HL sub bands wavelet decomposition and 95% of testing dataset For the automatic extraction of features and tumor detection a with an enhanced feature using Gaussian mixture model applied on MRI images with wavelet features and principal component analysis was proposed by Chaddad with an accuracy of T1- weighted 95% and T2- weighted 92% for FLAIR MRI weighted images

MR images segmentation for feature extractio

  1. For the automatic extraction of features and tumor detection a with an enhanced feature using Gaussian mixture model applied on MRI images with wavelet features and principal component analysis was proposed by Chaddad [ 11 ] with an accuracy of T1- weighted 95% and T2- weighted 92% for FLAIR MRI weighted images
  2. In machine learning, pattern recognition, and image processing, feature extraction starts from an initial set of measured data and builds derived values intended to be informative and non-redundant, facilitating the subsequent learning and generalization steps, and in some cases leading to better human interpretations.Feature extraction is related to dimensionality reduction
  3. Texture analysis is a technique used for the quantification of image texture. It has been successfully used in many fields, and in the past years it has been applied in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a computer-aided diagnostic tool. Quantification of the intrinsic heterogeneity of different tissues and lesions is necessary as they are usually imperceptible to the human eye
Network attention areas for Normal Cohort MRI

Feature extraction from Medical Images and an introduction

I would like to classify tumor into benign and malinent using PNN classifier. I request you to kindly provide me with the datasets and programming details need to compleate the work IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF BRAIN TUMOR MRI IMAGES WITH FEATURE EXTRACTION USING GLCM AND PROBABILISTIC NEURAL NETWOR Magnetic Resonance Imaging has become a particularly useful medical diagnostic tool for diagnosis of brain and other medical images.The objective of this paper is to develop an algorithm that facilitates the study of feature extraction from the brain right and left hemispheres A CNN was adopted to extract features from MRI Images of NC and AD subjects. Then, the trained CNN was used to extract image features of MCI subjects. To explore the multiple plane images in MRI, a 2.5D patch was formed by extracting three 32 × 32 patches from transverse, coronal, and sagittal plane centered at a same point (Shin et al., 2016. a very dangerous disease and the main reason for many deaths. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is mostly used the medical image for the brain tumor analysis. The main objective of the paper is to classify the brain tumor various stages using Convolutional Neural Network algorithmbased on Brain MRI images Content Based Image Retrieval, Feature extraction, MRI brain tumor image, SVM 1. INTRODUCTION Medical imaging is the most important techniques and processes used to create the human anatomy image, which are used for clinical research and education, diagnostics and planning treatment .CBIR is most important research areas i

[PDF] Survey on Various Techniques of Brain Tumor

Image Feature Extraction Feature Extraction Using Pytho

  1. 37 of 36 Brain tumour diagnosis from MRI feature analysis - A comparative case study: This is an comparative study of transform techniques namely --- Discrete cosine Transform. ---Discrete Wavelet transform. Each transform technique is applied separately. Later feature Extraction and classification of tumor in MRI image is done
  2. A computer-assisted classification method combining conventional MRI and perfusion MRI is developed and used for differential diagnosis. The proposed scheme consists of several steps including ROI definition, feature extraction, feature selection and classification
  3. There are four phases involved in this project which are data collection, skull-stripping, texture feature extraction, and segmentation. For data collection, a total of 126 MRI images of adults.
  4. each patient and delineated on MR images, which could reduce potential bias of multiple tumors in the same indi - vidual and improve the applicability of ndings. Radiomics feature extraction To facilitate imaging analysis, all T2WI, ADC and CE-T1 images were resliced at 4 mm. Radiomic features were automatically extracted with the AK software ver
  5. International Journal of Biomedical Imaging (2017-01-01) . Image Analysis for MRI Based Brain Tumor Detection and Feature Extraction Using Biologically Inspired BWT and SV
  6. For example, in an experiment where only MRI weight and Quant. algo. texture extraction parameters were allowed to vary, the FDG-PET initial feature set contained 9 non-texture features + 79 scan-texture-parameter features, the separate scan initial feature set contained 9 non-texture features + 237 scan-texture-parameter features, and the.

(PDF) Feature Extraction and Analysis of MRI Images for

Classification of alzheimer's disease subjects from MRI using fuzzy neural network with feature extraction using discrete wavelet transform. Geetha C1*, Pugazhenthi D 2 1Department of Computer Application, Sri Kanyakaparameswari Arts and Science College for Women, Chennai, India 2Department of Computer Science, Quaid -E-Millath Government College for Women, Chennai, Indi Estimation and evaluation of pseudo-CT images using linear regression models and texture feature extraction from MRI images in the brain region to design external radiotherapy planning Niloofar Yousefi Moteghaed , a Ahmad Mostaar , a, b, Keivan Maghooli , c Mohammad Houshyari , d and Ahmad Ameri The image was segmented using morphological opening and edge detection techniques. Mubashir Ahmad et al., [14] reported a classification technique based on SVM classifier. The feature extraction was carried out by DAUB-4 wavelet and the features are selected using PCA. Linear kernel and Radial basis kernel functions o

features extraction from medical image - MATLAB Answers

  1. IMAGE & SIGNAL PROCESSING Automated Detection of Alzheimer's Disease Using Brain MRI Images- A Study with Various Feature Extraction Techniques U. Rajendra Acharya1,2,3 & Steven Lawrence Fernandes4 & Joel En WeiKoh1 & Edward J. Ciaccio5 & Mohd Kamil Mohd Fabell6 & U. John Tanik7 & V. Rajinikanth8 & Chai Hong Yeong
  2. Then, feature extraction process and a feature selection (selection of high-level features) process were applied. These features contain the most essential information for the early classification of AD or MCI. In this study, a 3D sMR input image was fed into a feature extraction toolbox to extract the clinical features (volume, thickness, etc.)
  3. Sheetal A.Wadhai , Dr. Seema S. Kawathekar , A Content-Based Image Retrieval for Feature Extraction using Segmentation of MRI Brain Medical images , International Journal of Emerging Trends & Technology in Computer Science (IJETTCS) , Volume 10, Issue 2, March - April 2021 , pp. 016-021 , ISSN 2278-6856
Hippocampus and amygdala radiomic biomarkers for the study

Feature Extraction of Brain Tumor From Mri Image Using

images with 200 mm of the field of view, 1 mm of inter-slice spacing and 0.78 mm of voxel with 0.78 mm and 0.5 mm of diameter. In this proposed methodology used 512x512 MRI images. 2.2 Image preprocessing The MRI image has low contrast and contained some unwanted artifacts. To remove the unwanted artifacts, th In machine learning , pattern recognition and in image processing , feature extraction starts from an initial set of measured data and builds derived values ( features) intended to be informative and non-redundant, facilitating the subsequent learning and generalization steps, and in some cases leading to better human interpretations Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging(DCE-MRI) to identify breast cancer in high sensitivity cases. The feature analysis is conducted in four phases, feature extraction, feature discrimination, feature classification and feature identification. For each phase, different methods have to be employed by considering the nature o Image (pre)processing for feature extraction Pre-processing does not increase the image information content It is useful on a variety of situations where it helps to suppress information that is not relevant to the specific image processing or analysis task (i.e. background subtraction) The aim of preprocessing is to improv

Feature Extraction of Brain Tumor Using MRI Open Access

DRIVE: Digital Retinal Images for Vessel Extraction 4. Ultrasound Nerve Segmentation from kaggle Data set 5. Brain MRI from pixabay 6. Brain MRI from pixabay 7. Natural Image from pixabay. Please note that this post is for my future self to look back and review the materials geometric features such as the diameter, center and orien-tation of the aortic valve annulus (AVA). In this paper, we present a method for extracting these geometric features from magnetic resonance images (MRI). The method is based on finding an optimal fit for a circular ring mimicking AVA in the aortic root. Moreover, the presented. feature extraction from images Python notebook using data from Leaf Classification · 68,678 views · 4y ago. 179. Copied Notebook. This notebook is an exact copy of another notebook. Do you want to view the original author's notebook? Votes on non-original work can unfairly impact user rankings In images, some frequently used techniques for feature extraction are binarizing and blurring. Binarizing: converts the image array into 1s and 0s. This is done while converting the image to a 2D image. Even gray-scaling can also be used. It gives you a numerical matrix of the image. Grayscale takes much lesser space when stored on Disc

Image feature extraction in detection technology of breast

d. Feature Extraction. i. Pixel Features. The number of pixels in an image is the same as the size of the image for grayscale images we can find the pixel features by reshaping the shape of the image and returning the array form of the image. pixel_feat1 = np.reshape (image2, (1080 * 1920) pixel_feat1 In feature extraction, it becomes much simpler if we compress the image to a 2-D matrix. This is done by Gray-scaling or Binarizing. Gray scaling is richer than Binarizing as it shows the image as a combination of different intensities of Gray. Whereas binarzing simply builds a matrix full of 0s and 1s. Here is how you convert a RGB image to.

artificial intelligence - Feature extraction of 3D image

feature extraction for mri brain images to detect tumor. 1 view (last 30 days) Show older comments. selvakumar s on 6 Feb 2015. 0. ⋮. Vote. 0. Currently we are in need of the matlab code for feature extraction using stationary wavelet transform like energy, entropy, standard deviation, and similar features. please help us with the code soon. Description. Focusing on feature extraction while also covering issues and techniques such as image acquisition, sampling theory, point operations and low-level feature extraction, the authors have a clear and coherent approach that will appeal to a wide range of students and professionals

MRI Image Classification P Dhivya1, S Vasuki 2 . 1. The second component of image processing module is feature extraction. It plays an important role in the performance of any image classification because it can produce significant impact on the results of classification. Numerous low-level features suc 5. I have a set of butterfly images for training my system to segment a butterfly from a given input image. For this purpose, I want to extract the features such as edges, corners, region boundaries, local maximum/minimum intensity etc. I found many feature extraction methods like Harris corner detection, SIFT but they didn't work well when the. Check out part 1 for an intro to the computer vision pipeline, part 2 for an overview of input images, and part 3 to learn about image preprocessing.. Feature extraction. Feature extraction is a core component of the computer vision pipeline. In fact, the entire deep learning model works around the idea of extracting useful features which clearly define the objects in the image

[Pdf] a Novel Approach for Feature Extraction and

ROTATION AND SCALE INVARIANT FEATURE EXTRACTION FOR MRI BRAIN IMAGES. 1 NAVEEN KISHORE GATTIM, 2 V RAJESH. 1 Research Scholar, Dept. Of Electronics And Communications, K L University (Klef), Vaddeswaram, Guntur, Ap. 2 Professor, Dept. Of Electronics And Communications, K L University (Klef), Vaddeswaram, Guntur, A images, based on sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. The exploratory outcomes accomplished 97.70% exactness with highlight extraction of the viability of the proposed strategy for recognizing Benign and Malignant from brain MR images. Keywords:-Segmentation, Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI), Benign, Malignant, Ensemble classifier Wavelet transform is widely used in feature extraction of magnetic resonance imaging. However, the traditional discrete wavelet transform (DWT) suffers from translation variant property, which may extract significantly different features from two images of the same subject with only slight movement A global feature extraction model for the effective computer aided diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment using structural MRI images Fang, Chen Janwattanapong, Panuwa

This thesis proposes a new methodology to determine the quality characteristics of meat products (Iberian loin and ham) in a non-destructive way. For that, new algorithms have been developed to analyze Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and data mining techniques have been applied on data obtained from the images.The general procedure consists of obtaining MRI of meat products, and applying. Differentiating myxomas from myxofibrosarcomas is also challenging for radiologists because these lesions have overlapping imaging features - namely they are both hyperintense on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, have variable signal intensity on T1-weighted sequences, and both have heterogeneous enhancement patterns [14. automated MRI normal/abnormal brain images classification. The structure of this paper is organized as following: Section 2 has a short description of our method, which consists of database, feature extraction and feature reduction. Classification methods are presented in section 3. Discussio Feature extraction for image data represents the interesting parts of an image as a compact feature vector. In the past, this was accomplished with specialized feature detection, feature extraction, and feature matching algorithms. Today, deep learning is prevalent in image and video analysis, and has become known for its ability to take raw.

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This article focusses on basic feature extraction techniques in NLP to analyse the similarities between pieces of text. Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a branch of computer science and machine learning that deals with training computers to process a large amount of human (natural) language data FDG PET image feature extraction. The term 'radiomics' refers to the extraction and analysis of large amounts of advanced and high-order quanti-tative features with high-throughput from medical images.8,9 These radiomic features could not only effectively diagnose disease and assist in treatment but also reveal the in-depth information. Gray level discretization → this will affect the results → since features are extracted from this MRI data. (even without deep learning → some method are very robust while others are not) 4 Abstract Background: With the increasing potential of radiomics, repeatability and reproducibility are important issues that remain to be assessed. Purpose: To investigate reproducibility of myocardial radiomic features in cardiac MRI images. Materials and Methods: Test/retest studies were performed on a 3T MRI system using commonly used cardiac MRI sequences of cine-balanced steady-state.